Engineering Ethics – Introduction
Engineering is the process of creating an efficient mechanism that, with the help of technology, quickens and eases the work using limited resources. Ethics are the values embraced by society and are often similar to human beings’ moral expectations. An ethical engineer will support society in a better way.
The study of engineering ethics, where engineers incorporate certain ethics in engineering, is therefore important for the good of society. The analysis of judgments, policies, and principles that are morally desirable in engineering practice and research in Engineering Ethics.
The term “morality” originates from the word “mos” in Latin, which means “custom.” Morals are the values or behaviors of one’s actions about right or wrong. They are not enforced by anyone. Morals are what you individually consider to be good and evil.
Though morals are not followed, they can be understood as our inner self’s preaching. Our mind sorts things out as good or evil, based on a few variables. These are the concepts that help frame our personalities so that what is right and what is wrong can be separated.
A moral is the code of behavior that you build over time and set for yourself to obey, much like
- Being polite to everyone
- Speaking the facts only
- Moving against what you believe is incorrect
- Chastity Getting
- Avoid being cheated
- Being a pretty human being, etc.
Morals are often characterized by one’s character. According to one’s views, morals may be modified because they are entirely reliant on one’s understanding of ethical principles.
The word “Ethics” comes from the Greek word “ethos” which means character. Ethics is a collection of laws or ideals that are generally known as norms or good and evil or right and wrong, usually enforced by an external community or culture or occupation or so on.
Ethics may be understood as the codes of behavior proposed or acknowledged by society about a specific class of human acts or a specific community or culture. Ethics relies on the meanings of others. From context to context, they may or may not differ.
An individual who strictly observes a set of ethical standards does not have any morals at all, whereas a person who often breaches ethical principles may retain high moral integrity. Duty ethics, proper ethics, virtue ethics, and so on are included in the ethical theories. Utilitarianism is the best example that can describe ethics.
Utilitarianism is a theory that explains that the ultimate good is the satisfaction or enjoyment of the greatest number of people in society. An action is morally right, according to this principle, if its consequences lead to people’s happiness, and wrong if the action leads to their unhappiness. This theory goes beyond the limits of one’s desires and takes the interests of others into account.
Ethics in Engineering
Ethics are values that are practiced based on the moral obligation an individual feels. Engineering ethics may be called the analysis of similar concerns regarding moral values, character, strategies, and relationships of individuals and organizations engaged in technical action.
If an engineer works independently or works for a company, certain ethical concerns must be tackled by an engineer, often under circumstances such as product conceptualization, problems occurring in departments of design and testing, or issues concerning production, sales, and services. Morality-related issues often occur during oversight and teamwork.
An engineer’s ethical choices and moral principles need to be considered because an engineer’s choices have an effect on the goods and services – how secure they are to use, the company and its shareholders who believe in the goodwill of the company, the public, and the community that trusts the company about the benefits of the people, the law that cares about how legislation affects the company
Not just an engineer, but to stay away from being morally degraded, everyone must obey a collection of values. Our actions should include the following −
- Respecting ourselves and others.
- Respecting others’ interests.
- Maintaining promises.
- Avoiding needless issues with others.
- Avoiding dishonesty and stealing.
- Showing gratitude to others and inspiring them to work.
Morality commands reverence for individuals, both ourselves and others. It includes being reasonable and just, upholding responsibilities and protecting rights, and not causing undue harm or hubris through dishonesty and cruelty.
Whenever a problem arises, to solve the problem, one should have certain skills. The challenges faced by engineers have to be handled with patience, and when dealing with such problems, few moral objectives have to be taken into account. They’re as follows;
Moral Awareness: The moral issues and problems that arise in engineering should be acknowledged. To distinguish and judge according to ethics or according to the rules to be followed, an overview of the issue is appropriate.
Cogent Moral Reasoning-The argument must be tested and understood to conclude a problem. With all the probabilities, the case on both sides needs to be weighed and the essence of the argument should be rational and moral.
Moral Coherence-Consistent and detailed points of view should be established based on a consideration of relevant facts after having gone through all the logical and moral facts.
Moral Imagination: It is important to deal separately with moral issues and practical issues. Alternative solutions for coping with spiritual problems should be identified, while innovative solutions for real problems should be identified.
Moral Communication-The vocabulary of expressing one’s moral convictions should be so concise and straightforward that the original meaning should not be changed by the phrase or phrases.
Although one has all these moral goals, a few skills that are listed below acquire the ethical rationale for achieving moral actions with accountability and dedication.
Significant Ethical Thinking Skills
Let us now address the main ethical reasoning skills.
The capacity and ability to be morally rational that one should have when solving such problems. Moral Reasonableness Unless one is willing to develop this capacity, it is difficult to do justice.
Respect for individuals: One should handle the individuals involved in the problem with sincere concern. Such concern for oneself should also be there, along with being there for others.
Diversity tolerance-A wider view should be given to the ethnic and religious differences people have. When compared on grounds of moral reasoning, each person differs from another. It is very important to acknowledge those differences.
Moral hope: moral differences can be resolved by using better communication and by providing an obvious and open-ended logical conversation that is acceptable and appreciable by both parties.
Integrity: It is important to uphold moral integrity. Being truthful and possessing clear moral values encourages one to solve a problem effectively. An individual must also take into account the professional life and personal beliefs of others when solving a problem.